Johann Peter Gudelius - Johann Peter Gutelius
Johann Peter Gutelius - ancestor of the American
Gutelius - is he of French or German origin?
(In normal characters: verified facts; in italics:
"by tradition" without any record)
The American Gutelius trace their origin back to Johann
as son of Adam Frederick Gutelius, Frenchman and army
surgeon in the French army
born in France in 1708,
immigrated via Rotterdam on ship Nancy; qualified at
Philadelphia. PA, on August 31st, 1750
as former physician to the Queen of France and banished
from the country on account of marrying out of his station
married to Anna Maria Deitzler from Holland
died at Manheim, PA, on September 29th, 1773
buried in the Reformed Cemetery at Manheim, Lancaster
The following facts confirm a German origin from the
the name Gudelius was created on December 19th,
1586 during the matriculation of Wendel Gudel as Wendelinus Gudelius at the
University of Heidelberg
Wendelinus Gudelius became chaplain at Herborn,
Nassau-Orange in 1588
his descendants lived in the area Siegen - Dillenburg -
Herborn, Nassau, a region with a strict Reformed belief
outside that region the name Gudelius was not found in
any record, neither in other regions of Germany nor in France or other countries
of Europe during the period from 1586 until 1723
Gudelius was a very rare surname in those times. There
were only six families Gudelius during the period of the birth of Johann
Peter Gudelius (1705 - 1715), verified in several census and parish records
Adam Frederick Gutelius, he is supposed to be Johann
Peter’s father, is not mentioned
in any record
Johann Peter Gudelius was born at Niederholzklau,
Nassau-Siegen, during the period after May 1708 until 1711 as son of Christoph
Gudelius, born at Dirlenbach about 1664, and of Elisabeth Magdalene Baum, born
at Eisern about 1674. The exact date of birth is not possible to establish
because of a gap in the parish records of Oberholzklau. But several census and
registrations as sponsor in other parish records certainly confirm his origin
and the period of his birth.
Johann Peter Gudelius is mentioned as sponsor of a
child of Johann Wilhelm and Maria Wirths at Wuerden on September 30th,
1736; parish record of Freusburg.
Johann Henrich Gudelius, an illegitimate son of Johann
Peter Gudelius, was born at Wuerden on September 6th, 1743. He became
the ancestor of the "Main Branch of Wuerden"
Johann Gudelius, a second illegitimate son of Johann
Peter Gudelius was born at Meiswinkel on May 5th, 1745 by another
mother; he died two years later on July 1st, 1747
Johann Peter Gudelius is not mentioned in any record of
the Nassau-Siegen area later than 1745
perhaps he emigrated to Holland in the period 1745 -
1750 because of the two illegitimate children and joined the French Army there,
which invaded in Holland in 1747. It is possible, that he got his training as
army surgeon there.
he sailed from Rotterdam, Holland on ship Nancy. He
qualified at Philadelphia , PA, August 31st 1750. He was accompanied
by several persons, who could be clearly identified as emigrators of the
Nassau-Siegen area just like him because of their names, places and dates of
birth (e.g., Joh. Jacob Brumbach, Christian Giebeler, Johannes Jung, Tilman
Creutz, Dilmanus Weissgerber – look in the NANCY
shiplist or here); incidentally, this suggests that Johann Peter Gutelius left
Nassau-Siegen with them and not from Holland.
arriving at Philadelphia, Johann Peter Gudelius was
registered as Gutelius.
Different spellings of Gudelius were not unusual; there
are known Gutelis, Gutterlius, Kutelius, Kuttelius, Gudely, Gultelius and
"d" und "t" were confused
frequently; already in the 17th century members of the first Gudelius
families of Herborn were written in some documents with “t”; or e.g., Johann
Peter Gutelius signed with “t” arriving at Philadelphia look.
signed in the typical German characters and not in Roman characters a
Frenchman would have used.
same Peter Gudelius, Rapho Township, Lancaster County, took the
sacrament of Naturalisation on March 29th, 1761.
Johann Peter Gudelius is mentioned as
sponsor of Johann Peter Engel in the parish record of Manheim, PA on March 14th,
even in the last will of Johann Peter Gutelius from
August 5th, 1773 the name Gudelius is always written with “d
the inscription on the tombstone of Johann Peter
Gutelius is entirely written in the German language.
Johann Peter Gutelius lived in Manheim, PA in
surroundings that were strongly German and in particular were Reformed oriented.
His sons Frederick and Peter were mentioned in a
document of 1790 as Gudelius.
the extensive study oft he literature about La Reine
(Queen of France), Marie Leckzinska, proved only M. Helvetius until 1755 and in
the following time M. Lassone as “medicin de La Reine”.
the French origin of the Gutelius was written down in
the "History of the Gutelius Family" by William B. Gutelius in 1916,
during WW I; it was not opportune in the USA to propagate a German origin in
Moisel, historian, keeper of the archives of the Evangelisches Kirchenamt in
Siegen and the most experienced genealogist of this area as well as John
Blankenbaker, Chadds Ford, PA, editor of the genealogical notes "Beyond
Germanna", judge the American opinion of a French origin of the Gutelius as
incredible, because of missing verified sources of a French origin whereas we
have many clear facts of the origin of the name Gudelius and of Johann Peter
Gudelius. They think, that Johann Peter Gutelius, ancestor of the American
Gutelius is identical with Johann Peter Gudelius, ancestor of the "Main
Branch ofWuerden". I agree to this judgment.
insist on the assumed French origin
accept the German origin, to assign Johann Peter Gutelius to the "Lower
Clan of Niederholzklau" and to confirm him as ancestor of the “Main
Branch of Wuerden” as well as of the “American Main Branch”.